Present Simulation and Future Typhoon Activity Projection over Western North Pacific and Taiwan/East Coast of China in 20-km HiRAM Climate Model

  • Author(s): Chih-Hua Tsou, Pei-Yu Huang, Chia-Ying Tu, Cheng-Ta Chen, Teng-Ping Tzeng, and Chao-Tzuen Cheng
  • DOI:

    10.3319/TAO.2016.06.13.04

  • Keywords: Tropical storm, High Resolution Atmospheric Model (HiRAM), Future projection, Global warming
  • Citation: Tsou, C. H., P. Y. Huang, C. Y. Tu, C. T. Chen, T. P. Tzeng, and C. T. Cheng, 2016: Present simulation and future typhoon activity projection over western North Pacific and Taiwan/East Coast of China in 20-km HiRAM climate model. Terr. Atmos. Ocean. Sci., 27, 687-703, doi: 10.3319/TAO.2016.06.13.04
  • TS activities over the WNP are well simulated by HiRAM at 20-km resolution
  • TS frequency over the WNP and TWCN are projected to significantly decrease
  • TS intensity and precipitation rate are projected to increase under global warming
Abstract

A High Resolution Atmospheric Model (HiRAM) at 20-km resolution is adopted to simulate tropical storm (TS) activity over the western North Pacific (WNP) and Taiwan/East Coast of China (TWCN) at the present time (1979 - 2003) and future climate (2075 - 2099) under the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) fifth assessment report (AR5) representative concentration pathway (RCP) 8.5 scenarios. The results show that in contrast to TS simulation activities in most of the low-resolution climate models, TS activities except intensity over the WNP and TWCN region are well simulated by HiRAM at 20-km resolution. The linkage between large-scale environments and TS genesis simulated by HiRAM are dramatically superior to those in low-resolution fifth Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5) models. During 2075 - 2099, both TS genesis numbers and TS frequency over the WNP and TWCN are projected to decrease consistent with the IPCC AR5 report. However, the rate of decrease (49%) is much greater than that projected in IPCC AR5. The decrease in TC genesis numbers under global warming is primarily attributed to the reduction in mid-level relative humidity and large-scale ascending motion, despite the warmer sea surface temperature (SST) providing more favorable conditions for TS formation. TS intensity and the maximum precipitation rate are projected to increase under global warming. At the end of the 21st century, the mean precipitation rate within 200 km of TS storm center over the TWCN region is projected to increase by 54%.

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