End Members of Water-Masses in the Western Japan Sea

Abstract

At least thirteen distinct end members of water-masses are identified in the western Japan Sea. Their origins and conditions of formation are discussed, including the effects of continental water inputs, photosynthesis in remnant winter waters, microbial oxidation of organic matter in the water column or at water-sediments interface, and the cooling of surface waters along the Siberian coast and the northern Japan Sea.

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