The Taiwan-Philippine VOTE (Volcano, Ocean, Typhoon, and Earthquake)-Meteorology project, funded jointly by MOST (Ministry of Science and Technology) of Taiwan and DOST (Department of Science and Technology) of the Philippines, focuses primarily on improving the forecast capability of typhoons in different time scales. It is a bilateral collaboration between Taiwan and the Philippines governments. Data from satellites, coastal weather radars, and numerical forecasting models such as Weather Research and Forecasting Model (WRF) and the Cloud-Resolving Storm Simulator (CReSS) are used to study the typhoon track and intensity and the associated precipitation over Taiwan and the Philippine areas. On the other hand, long-term behavior of typhoons, e.g., the seasonal and intra-seasonal variability of typhoons, in the region near Taiwan and the Philippines is also studied. The papers collected in this special issue are mostly based on the research work during this VOTE-Meteorology project, and their major results are summarized in this introduction.