Water-soluble Ions of Aerosols in Taipei in Spring 2002

  • Author(s): Shih-Chun Candice Lung, Chun-Hu Liu, Shu-Yung Huang, Tzu-Ju Lin, Charles C. K. Chou, and Shaw Chen Liu
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Dust originating from arid and semiarid areas in Central Asia can reach Taiwan during springtime. However, aerosols in a metropolitan region, such as Taipei city, also have significant local sources. In this work, the influence of long-range transport and local pollution, on various water-soluble ions in fine and coarse modes, was investigated for several dust events. Concentration differences between dust-event and non-dust-event days were assessed. Field measurements were conducted in Taipei from February to May 2002. Twelve-hour samples of PM2.5 and PM10 were taken. Ion chromatography was used to analyze water-soluble ions (Na+, NH4+, K+, Mg2+, Ca2+, Cl, NO3, and SO42−). The mean concentrations of Na+, NH4+, K+, Mg2+, Ca2+, Cl, NO3, SO42−, and PM in the fine mode during the entire sampling campaign were 0.29, 2.87, 0.29, 0.029, 0.13, 0.57, 0.92, 2.68, and 28.2 µg m−3, respectively. The corresponding mean concentrations in the coarse mod (PM2.5-10) were 0.75, 0.30, 0.096, 0.14, 0.63, 0.84, 2.33, 1.60, and 34.0 µg m−3, respectively. Results of Principle Component Analysis showed that elevated concentrations of fine Na+, K+, Mg2+, Ca2+, and Cl− and coarse Na+, Mg2+, Ca2+, NO, and SO42− on dust-event days were a result of long-range transport. A prolonged influence of long-range transport on concentrations of fine and coarse ions, after dust peaked, was also observed. K+ , Mg2+ , and Ca2+ increased by about 1.7 to 3.8 fold and Na+ and Cl increased by 45 - 210% on dust-event days. Fine modes of NH4+, NO3 , and SO42− were derived from local pollution, while most coarse NO3 − and some coarse SO42− were derived from long-range transport. On average, coarse NO3 and SO42− increased by 67% and 97%, respectively, during dust events

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