A Study of Tropospheric Ozone over China with a 3-D Global CTM Model


A global 3-D CTM model (OsloCTM2) has been used to study the tropospheric ozone distribution and budget over China. An area covering China and most of East Asia is chosen as the study area. Because of the very nevenly distributed emissions and population in China, the budget study has been done by splitting China into three sub-areas, according to the emission distribution and topography of the country. The model results indicate that in Western China (Area1) dynamic processes are dominating, and the contribution from photochemical ozone production is small. Central and South-East China (Area2) has on average 65% of the photochemical ozone production in China, since more than 80% of the anthropogenic emissions come from this area. Northeast China (Area3) is influenced both by natural and*9nthropogenic emissions. The seasonal variation of ozone budgets was calculated in order to understand how different processes vary with the seasons. The strongest influences of emissions from the continent over the West Pacific region are found in spring, because of the large eastward transport and increased photochemical activities. Most NOx is consumed close to the emission sources; therefore, only 4% of emitted NOx is transported out of China, whereas 70% of the emitted CO is exported. It is calculated that the average net chemical ozone production efficiency by NOx loss is 7.2 in China.

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