Mercury (Hg) emission from coal combustion in China is estimated in this study and its deposition calculated using the Models-3 Community Multi-scale Air Quality (CMAQ-Hg) modeling system with meteorological fields calculated by MM5. Three kinds of Hg speciation were included in the models: particle-bound mercury (PHg), gaseous elemental mercury (GEM) and gas oxidized mercury (RGM). Much of the Hg was released as RGM from coal combustion in China, accounting for 58.4 - 66.8% of total emissions. The large proportion of RGM in over all Hg emission also led to large Hg deposition. Based on simulations, Hg deposition originating from coal combustion reaches as high as 2 - 6 μg m-2 month-1 in south western China (particularly Guizhou Province), the industrialized and populated regions of east central and coastal China, and Liaoning Province in the northeast.