Topography and Volcanology of the Huangtsuishan Volcano Subgroup, Northern Taiwan

  • Author(s): Yu-Ming Lai, Yeong-Jong Lin, Sheng-Rong Song, Yu-Wei Tsai, Yu-Chung Hsieh, and Wei Lo
  • DOI:

    10.3319/TAO.2010.02.22.04(TH)

  • Keywords: Tatun Volcano Group, Huangtsuishan Volcano Subgroup, DTM images, Lava flow, Lava plateau

 

Abstract

Combining the shaded relief topography model and the slope map from the Digital Terrain Model (DTM) images, toporaphical map, field occurrences and petrography, the volcanic sequences of the Huangtsuishan Volcano Subgroup (HVS) can be constructed. Two types of volcanic centers can be identified in this area. One is the Tachienhou volcanic dome, which may be located in the center of an older caldera. The other is the Huangtsui composite volcano, which is composed of interbedding lava flows and pyroclastic deposits with a volcanic crater named the Huangtsui pond at the summit. Eight lava plateaus radiated from Mts. Huangtsui and Tachienhou to the north and the east can be distinguished based on the DTM images. The volcanic deposits are comprised of four lithofacies, the lava flows, pyroclastic breccias, tuffs and lahars on the base of field occurrences. At least thirteen layers of lava flow, named the H1 to H13 can be recognized in the HVS and can be reconstructed and categorized into four stages. An old and large volcano erupted lava flows to form the products of stages one and two, then collapsed to form a caldera with a dome for the third stage. The latest stage of lava flow was poured out from the Huangtsui volcano, which formed a crater at the summit.

 

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