Seismo-Traveling Ionospheric Disturbances Triggered by the 12 May 2008 M 8.0 Wenchuan Earthquake

  • Author(s): Jann-Yenq Liu, Yang-Yi Sun, Ho-Fang Tsai, and Chien-Hung Lin
  • DOI: 10.3319/TAO.2011.08.03.01(T)
  • Keywords: STID, GPS, TEC, Wenchuan Earthquake

A network of 6 ground-based GPS receivers in East Asia was employed to study seismo-traveling ionospheric disturbances (STIDs) triggered by an M 8.0 earthquake which occurred at Wenchuan on 12 May 2008. The network detected 5 STIDs on the south side of the epicenter area. A study on the distances of the detected STIDs to the epicenter versus their associated traveling times shows that the horizontal speed is about 600 m s-1. Applying the circle method, we find that the 5 circles intercept at a point right above the epicenter when the horizontal speed of 600 m s-1 is given. Global searches of the ray-tracing and the beam-forming techniques confirm that the STIDs are induced by vertical motions in the Earth's surface during the Wenchuan Earthquake.

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