Baekdusan Volcano Time-Series Analysis from 1992 to 1998 Using Multi-Interferogram InSAR Processing

Abstract

A multi-temporal SAR interferometry (InSAR) method was applied to a time-series analysis of the period from 1992 - 1998 to detect precursor volcanic activity at Baekdusan volcano, located on the border between China and North Korea. Permanent scatterers were selected for stable signal processing to monitor ground motion using the permanent scatterer InSAR (PSInSAR) technique, which generated a time-series surface deformation map using the refined small baseline subset (SBAS) InSAR method. The time-series analysis results were verified using a multi-track comparison technique for two different tracks (88/230 and 89/230). The time-series analysis of the two tracks represents an unaltered phase signal (mm scale) with time, except for periods with insufficient interferograms to make a precise time-series surface deformation map due to factors including atmospheric phase delay and other error effects (i.e., those that display a maximum value of the phase difference from -2.14 to +2.64 cm). These phase signals also have the Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) range from 0.32 - 2.56 cm. No surface deformation was detected from the Japanese Earth Resources Satellites (JERS-1) synthetic aperture radar (SAR) data collected between 1992 - 1998 at the Baekdusan volcano, as monitored using volcanic surface movements with dynamic magma activity. No volcanic eruption precursor signals were demonstrated during the inactive period (1992 - 1998) prior to the active period (2002 - 2006) of this volcano.

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