The Crustal Thickness of the Philippine Sea Plate Derived from Gravity Data

  • Author(s): Horng-Yuan Yen, Yu-Tsung Lo, Yu-Lien Yeh, Hsien-Hsiang Hsieh, Wen-Yen Chang, Chieh-Hung Chen, Chun-Rong Chen, and Min-Hung Shih
  • DOI: 10.3319/TAO.2014.11.17.01(T)
  • Keywords: Free-air gravity anomaly, Bouguer gravity anomaly, Crustal thickness, Philippine Sea Plate, Mantle upwelling
Abstract

We constructed a new free-air gravity anomaly map of the Philippine Sea Plate (PSP) using ship-tracked gravity data from the National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC). Our results show that the isogals trend correlates well with the tectonic structures in the PSP. After removing the gravity induced by sea water from the free-air gravity data, we obtained the regional Bouguer gravity anomaly, which is later used to compute the Moho geometry in the PSP by applying the Parker-Oldenburg iterative method. Our results indicate that in the southern part of the West Philippine Basin (WPB) the crustal thickness is nearly homogeneous with a value of about 5 km, which implies that the WPB is quite stable. The low-amplitude and near-zero free-air gravity anomalies clearly indicate that the whole WPB, except at trenches and island arcs, is nearly in a state of isostatic equilibrium. The average crustal thickness of the Palau Kyushu Ridge (PKR) is more than 10 km. In the eastern PSP the crustal thickness gradually increases eastward. Our results also imply that a relatively thin and low density mantle exists beneath the Parece Vela Basin (PVB) as a consequence of back-arc spreading and serpentinized upwells of the thin crustal thickness.

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