ULF Geomagnetic Changes Associated with Large Earthquakes

Abstract

Despite its extreme importance and years of effort, practical short-term earthquake prediction still remains to be seen. However, research in earthquake-related electromagnetic phenomena have recently shown that such phenomena make for a promising candidate for short-term earthquake prediction. There is a good deal of accumulated evidence of precursory signatures in a wide frequency range (DC-VHF). ULF geomagnetic change is one of the most promising phenomena and it suggests that short-term prediction is realizable. This report first reviews earlier observational facts and presents the latest results in detection of ULF emissions by means of sophisticated signal processing. Finally, we discuss the possible generation and propagation mechanism of earthquake-related ULF signals.

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