Simulating the Storage and the Blockage Effects of Buildings in Urban Flood Modeling

  • Author(s): Chen-Jia Huang, Ming-Hsi Hsu, Albert S. Chen, and Chien-Hsun Chiu
  • DOI: 10.3319/TAO.2014.02.11.01(Hy)
  • Keywords: Inundation model, Building coverage ratio, Building storage effect, Roughness parameter adjustment



Buildings often affect overland flow propagation in urban areas. Building walls change the direction and velocity of flow and can exclude interior spaces from flooding. However, water may intrude buildings when the flood level exceeds the height of protection. This study develops an inundation model that represents the resistance and the storage effects of buildings. This model was applied to central Taipei City, which is surrounded by the Danshui and Keelung Rivers. The inundation depth and extent were compared from models where the effects of buildings were included and excluded. Rainfall data from the Typhoon Nari event in 2001 was used in the simulation. The results showed that in the case where the effects of buildings were excluded inundation was underestimated in the metropolitan areas. Where the effects of buildings were considered in the model, the presented inundation model reproduces the inundation results more comparable with the observed flooding situation.

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