Seasonal Dynamics of Ciliate Cysts and the Impact of Short-Term Change of Salinity in a Eutrophic Coastal Marine Ecosystem

  • Author(s): Chien-Fu Chao, An-Yi Tsai, Akira Ishikawa, and Kuo-Ping Chiang
  • DOI: 10.3319/TAO.2013.07.18.01(Oc)
  • Keywords: Ciliate, Encystment, Salinity, Subtropical water
Abstract

This study investigated the seasonal dynamics of planktonic ciliates, including their cyst production, in a eutrophic coastal ecosystem in the subtropical western Pacific from March 2008 to July 2009. The abundance of planktonic ciliates ranged from 0.2 to 13 × 102 cells L-1 and cyst production ranged from 0 to 3 × 104 cysts m-2 d-1 during the study period. The dominant cyst types in this study were Type I and Type II which are similar to Strombidium conicum and Strombidium capitatum, respectively. Cyst abundance changed with inter-day variations in salinity during the warm season (> 24°C), leading us to conclude that environmental change in the form of freshwater input contributed greatly to the encystment of ciliate populations and might be the primary factor controlling encystment production.

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