The long-term plan for National Space Technology Development has its primary goal of establishing the infrastructure and system engineering capabilities required to developing Republic of China¡¦s space technology. It envisions a gradual development of technical capabilities for satellite as well as ground systems. The National Space Program Office (NSPO) was formally established in October 1991 as the implementing agency for the country's space program. ROCSAT-1 is the first satellite program executed by the NSPO. This paper provides a summary description of the ROCSAT-1 program development and accomplishment. Major elements of the program are introduced. Goals of the Republic of China space program are also briefly described.