In Taiwan’s Central Range mountains, fundamental constraints on depositional ages and the timing of deformation and metamorphism remain a problematic issue preventing a consensual chronology of orogenic events to be established. In this contribution, we report detrital zircon U-Pb detrital ages for the Chulai Formation, the easternmost strip of metamorphic sediments depositionally overlying the metamorphic, high-pressure Yuli belt. We demonstrate that the maximum depositional age of this unit is 11.2 ± 0.2 Ma (Upper Miocene, Tortonian), making it the youngest pervasively deformed and metamorphosed unit of the Central Range. Detrital zircon ages suggest an almost exclusively continental origin of the sediments similar to the Yuli belt’s matrix detrital age zircon spectra. Sedimentary relationships and structural considerations indicate that the Chulai Formation underwent essentially the same deformation history as the underlying Yuli belt, and thus the maximum depositional age of 11.2 ± 0.2 Ma is interpreted as the upper limit for the start of pervasive deformation of the eastern Central Range geological units. When considering the existing geochronological constraints on the metamorphism, we argue that the timing for the Cenozoic metamorphism of the Taiwan orogen is likely to be ~6 - 8 Ma.